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valve Adjustment

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  • valve Adjustment

    I'm new to Studebakers. The V8 , 1959 , 259 engine is mechanical valves????
    Hot or cold Adjustment? I see some specs cold and some hot. What is best hot or cold, in your opinion?[?]

  • #2
    Yes, it has mechanical lifters. The factory recommended hot adjustment. Many adjust cold and just allow for the metal expansion with heat. I prefer hot, but you will probably get answers for both - hot and cold.
    Gary L.
    Wappinger, NY

    SDC member since 1968
    Studebaker enthusiast much longer

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    • #3
      I'm stayin' out'a this one.....[B)]

      Sonny
      http://RacingStudebakers.com
      Sonny
      http://RacingStudebakers.com

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      • #4
        Not a big deal, they both work if done right.

        If done hot....you do one side, start the engine to rewarm....do the other side.

        I do it cold, much easier, no burns. The .0005 difference that "may" show up between valves....will show up if you're not very, super carefull anyway. And thats .0005 (not .005!) isn't anything that will do any harm.
        The Stude manual lists both methods and the clearences for both.
        Funny though.....how did Studebaker do it for it's "first" startup? And you can bet they didn't take the time to redo/check it!

        Running....as Sonny said, I'm not getting into that one!

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        • #5
          Do them cold - add .002 to what the manual calls out as you adjust them and drive it. It's that simple. And by the way - a little valve noise in a Stude is a good thing. If you try for absolutely silent, you're flirting with trouble.

          Miscreant at large.
          No deceptive flags to prove I'm patriotic - no biblical BS to impress - just ME and Studebakers - as it should be.

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          • #6
            iwas wondering if i could do a cold valve adjustment to my 63 lark. i never read anything about a cold adjustment just hot. so would that .002 simply be added to the .024 hot?

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            • #7
              It should work, just fine.

              Miscreant at large.
              No deceptive flags to prove I'm patriotic - no biblical BS to impress - just ME and Studebakers - as it should be.

              Comment


              • #8
                I do like my valve train absolutely silent. I rebuild my engines with hydraulic lifters. Set lash once, never adjust again. I weld oil drain tubes to the back of valve covers and route to the valley cover because of the extra oil...

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                • #9
                  quote:Originally posted by Mr.Biggs

                  It should work, just fine.

                  Miscreant at large.
                  Well, you know I love ya like a brother Bob, But.... I said I was staying out'a this one because I was hoping that others would follow suit. [}] However, I'm thinkin' you've made a mistake on this one, I wouldn't add the .002 to the hot setting. In fact, that's the problem with some of our, "That's how I do it.", advice, the confusion it generates.

                  I have to say, with something technical like this, I feel strongly that saying "Do it by the book" is the best advice.

                  For cosmo... Setting valve lash has more of an impact than some would have you believe. Valve lash directly impacts engine timing, and if you want to have a good, solid base for getting the tuning and performance right, those valves have to be set correctly. There's just too many variables in valve train geometry to just say, "Set 'em at ___ over what the factory wants and run 'em."

                  Trust me, if the valve train doesn't have excessive mechanical wear, and if they're set right, they're not noisy, your car will have good pickup, you won't have to keep dicking with the timing and carb, plus you won't have that constant, random popping out of the exhaust.

                  Yes, it's true, if you can't get them set right, it's better if they clatter, (instead of being held open at the wrong time and getting burned), but that's more suited for a tractor. Also, when they're set to clatter, each individual valve system is bouncing the valves open and closed. That alone stresses and wears the system, but who knows how much? If you've ever tried to get a lifter with a mushroomed end out of their bore, you can really appreciate it when someone has had them set correctly.

                  If you simply take your time, setting them hot is VERY easy! Like Mike says, warm it up, shut it down, set the valves on one side, then repeat for the other side. The cold settings in the manual are for initial start after major work, rebuild, etc., and to break in a new cam and make initial adjustments.

                  Setting lash isn't something that a fella should take lightly or hurry through. Sure, it DOES take time, like a good tune up, but the rewards are worth the longevity, health, and good solid running of the engine. In fact, if the valves are set correctly, if you have other problems with the performance/tuning, it's easier to get help because you've already established a solid base to start with.

                  You're gonna hear everything from, "Set 'em during the summer solstice, at midnight, with the moon over your right shoulder.", all the way to "Set what?" But I think that it's much better for a fella to take his time and do it right
                  .....



                  Sonny
                  http://RacingStudebakers.com
                  Sonny
                  http://RacingStudebakers.com

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                  • #10
                    The "book' did list a cold setting until the very late shop manual and it's the only way I've done it for maybe 40 years or so. I even set them a little tight for the added lift and never had a problem even at the drag strip.

                    Studebaker On The Net http://stude.com
                    64 R2 4 speed Challenger (Plain Wrapper)
                    63 R2 4 speed GT Hawk
                    55 Speedster
                    50 2R 10 truck
                    JDP Maryland

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                    • #11
                      Get engine hot, shut down engine, adjust one bank. Rewarm engine , shut down engine ,adjust second bank. In my Studebaker Book it seems to talk about adjusting valves hot with engine running. What is this engine running adjustment?[?][?] Sound like a difficule and perhaps dangerous , with fan belts running etc.

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                      • #12
                        Since about 1960, I have always set the valves hot and running. To each his own. Do as you like, it is your engine. I've owned more than 50 Studebaker V8s and worked on many more. I have never experienced a valve problem, except on engines that I bought with an existing valve problem.
                        Gary L.
                        Wappinger, NY

                        SDC member since 1968
                        Studebaker enthusiast much longer

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          quote:Originally posted by curt

                          Get engine hot, shut down engine, adjust one bank. Rewarm engine , shut down engine ,adjust second bank. In my Studebaker Book it seems to talk about adjusting valves hot with engine running. What is this engine running adjustment?[?][?] Sound like a difficule and perhaps dangerous , with fan belts running etc.
                          Yes, it is an engine running setting. I, like Gary, have set many, many valves with the engine running, (not just Studebakers), and if you set the idle down, put a piece of cardboard under the valve springs, (to catch what little oil spritzes out), and take care around the moving parts, it's actually the fastest and easiest way to set 'em. However, if you'd feel safer with the engine off, just make sure the car is up to operating temp., (and stays pretty close to it because remember, you have to turn the engine over to open/close each set of valves to set 'em), you can get away with it that way. Your call....

                          Sonny
                          http://RacingStudebakers.com
                          Sonny
                          http://RacingStudebakers.com

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                          • #14
                            No deceptive flags to prove I'm patriotic - no biblical BS to impress - just ME and Studebakers - as it should be.

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              OK I got to add my 2 cents. I agree with those on hot clearance, here is why. Most of us when we rebuild an engine use new production valves which many are made of Stainless steel. Every different alloy expands at a different rate.Since Stude V-8 used various different valve materials it was a safe bet that a cold setting wouldn't always be correct. With them hot you are guaranteed of the getting the factory clearance and valve timing. One way to tell if you have set your valves correctly is to attach a vacuum gauge after your done. If you read in the book it says, if you get a pulsing reading it can be a valve-timing problem, amoung other things. It means that the valve is opening just a bit late, which causes a slight pulse in the vacuum. This is because the piston is farther down on the intake stroke before the valve opens, plus the valve opens more abruptly since the little ramp doesn't take the lash out before the main ramp opens the valve. If done correctly you shouldn't have to adjust them very often anyway. Many don't realize that most high-end luxury car engines today use mechanical lifters since they are more durable and actually allow better valve control which means lower emissions. Maybe Stude knew something after all.

                              Restore it, don't replace it.Keep the Studebaker reproduction industry going

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